Space occupancy classification, round carving, and relief embossed high relief, low relief, intaglio and openwork. Material processing classification, stone carving, bronze carving (metal casting and forging), wood carving, root carving, jade carving and so on. Features are divided into urban sculptures, shelf sculptures, gift sculptures, miniature sculptures and more.
1. The sculpture refers to ornamentals and monuments that are engraved and shaped, have a certain meaning, symbol or pictogram for beautifying the city or for commemorating the meaning. The sculpture is a kind of plastic art.
Also known as carving, it is the general name for the three creation methods of carving, engraving, and plastic. It is created by using various plastic materials (such as gypsum, resin, clay, etc.) or engravable and engraved hard materials (such as wood, stone, metal, jade, agate, aluminum, fiberglass, sandstone, copper, etc.). A visual and tangible artistic image with a certain space to reflect the social life, the artist’s aesthetic feelings, aesthetic emotions, and aesthetic ideals. By carving and engraving, the material of the engraved material is reduced, and the plastic is used to achieve the purpose of artistic creation by stacking plastic material.
2. Development history
The birth and development of ancient garden sculpture art sculpture is closely related to human production activities and is directly influenced by social ideology such as religion and philosophy in various eras. When human beings were still in the Paleolithic era, primitive stone carvings, bone carvings, etc. appeared. The sculpture is a relatively permanent art. The traditional concept holds that sculpture is a static, visible, and touchable three-dimensional object. It is considered to be the most typical plastic art by reflecting the visual image of the space through sculpture. , static art and space art.
With the development of science and technology and the change of people’s concepts, anti-traditional four-dimensional sculptures, five-dimensional sculptures, sound and light sculptures, dynamic sculptures and soft sculptures have appeared in modern art. This is due to the emergence of Einstein’s theory of relativity, breaking through the world view established by Newton’s theory, changing people’s view of time and space, making sculpture art understand and express the world from a higher level, breaking through three-dimensional, visual and static. Form, explore the multidimensional hollow state.