Classified by shape, the shape of sculpture can be roughly divided into figurative realistic sculpture and abstract sculpture. Figurative realistic sculptures mainly focus on the existence and volume expression of shapes in space; abstract sculptures are expressed as complex or minimalist abstract forms, and pursue visual perception and psychological response. Figurative sculptures present accurate volume visual and tactile sensations through volume, space and shadow effects under specific light sources. Therefore, in general, this type of sculpture mostly uses matt materials such as copper and marble. If the marble sculpture reminds us of texture and dignity, then the mirror stainless steel sculpture shows the beauty of strength and flexibility.
The mirror characteristics of stainless steel materials will weaken the volume and contour of the sculpture due to the mapping of the surrounding environment. Therefore, when sculptors use mirror stainless steel materials for their creations, they mainly use abstract shapes. And when the light is projected on the mirror stainless steel, it will not produce obvious dark, gray and bright light and shadow effects, so that the work will have a weightless lightness. When the surrounding environment is projected on a distorted mirror sculpture, it will also produce a distorted object scene. These distorted images in turn strengthen the abstract meaning of the sculpture. Jeff Koons, as the most influential Pop artist in the United States, chose to use mirror stainless steel sculptures in his works. From content to style, he showed his attitude to “acceptance” and “fusion”.
The famous British contemporary artist Anish Kapoor is the sculptor who has made mirror stainless steel the best in sculpture creation. He has used mirror stainless steel to create a large number of famous sculptures. His works are mostly simple shapes, even as simple as a concave or convex mirror circle. Through exquisite craftsmanship or huge volume, he displays unprecedented visual sensory stimulation in different environments.