The Roman figure sculpture follows the tradition of Greek sculpture pursuing “real beauty”, but it is more secular than the Greek sculpture. During the Roman period, many strategists or politicians asked sculptors to shape their portraits, even the Romans were regular. Use sculpture to preserve the image of the deceased.
This objective road to realism is another solid step.
The achievements of Roman figure sculptures are mainly manifested in portrait sculptures and monument sculptures. These portrait sculptures are not only shaped but also pay attention to the character characteristics of the characters.
More famous are “Augustus Full Body” and “Calakara”. At this time, in the commemorative sculpture, the beauty and elegance of the factory were replaced by grandeur and solemnity.
Ancient Rome has achieved outstanding results in portrait carving.
The early works were influenced by the art of Greek sculpture, and the characters were extremely idealized.
During the Roman Empire, the realistic style of portrait carving was popular, and there was a portrait with a strong personality and a complex inner world description.
The Romans have a tradition of ancestors’ statues, so they have high requirements for the vividness of portraits and have achieved outstanding results in portrait carving.
Ancient Rome was the conqueror of ancient Greek territory, but it became the conquered of ancient Greek culture. The outstanding contribution of ancient Roman sculpture art to Western civilization is in its inheritance and development of the ancient Greek sculpture art tradition.
The ancient Roman sculpture art inherits the fine traditions of ancient Greece and incorporates the local Etruscan sculpture art and cast copper and stone carving techniques. It plays a role between the ancient Greek and the Middle Ages.
The sculptures of Roman figures have a very high status in the social life of ancient Rome. The number of sculptures is still unimaginable today.
The Romans worshipped their ancestors and began to use plaster or wax to turn the mold off the face of the dead, and painted it into a realistic mask, and placed it in the house.
Another reason is that the Roman rulers tried to show off personal authority and create personal worship.
The portrait sculptures of this time are known for their realistic style. The sculptors are good at using exaggerated and generalized artistic techniques to meticulously portray characters, to discard cumbersome things, to enhance the sense of movement, and to make the works deeply impressed the audience.
In the second half of the second century, “emotional portraits” prevailed. Such portraits fully express the inner feelings and psychological state of the characters, and the expression techniques are much richer than in the past. For example, in order to express the change of light and darkness of the eyeball, the sculptor engraved a circle of varying depths on the eyeball. The statue of the Roman Emperor Cara was the representative work of the time.
Ancient Roman sculptures follow the tradition of ancient Greek sculpture, but they are more secular, thus taking a more solid step on the road of realism. In the portrait works, the sculptor first pursues the realistic shape of the model and pays attention to the depiction of the character’s personality.
The ancient Roman sculpture is an important part of ancient Western civilization, and it has made outstanding contributions to the development of Western realism sculpture.