With the passage of time, the gardens of different European countries have formed their own characteristics: the orderly gardening style of France and Italy; the fine printmaking gardens with lines in Germany; the natural gardens with scenery in Britain; and the curves, freedoms and gorgeous styles of Spanish gardens, which are very popular in modern real estate. 。 Of course, now the most popular is the landscape of the United States, their garden education is also the world’s leading, now some of the domestic garden “leader” is not holding the United States Chicken, Duck University landscape master’s degree, doctoral degree where the scenery is infinite!
I think that the gardens are not good or bad, only advanced and backward. Because of this, European countries are the regions of developed countries. Of course, it is natural that their gardens are favored by many people.
The gardening art of Italy, France, and Britain is the typical representative of Western Gardening art. Although they belong to the Western gardening art system and share many common characteristics, they also show different styles due to the constraints of various natural and social conditions. Generally speaking, the western garden art is quite different from Chinese garden art. The gardening art of Western gardens totally excludes nature, strives to reflect rigorous rationality, and carefully develops in accordance with the pure geometric structure and mathematical relationship. “Force nature to accept the law of symmetry” has become the basic tenet of Western Gardening art.
The artistic characteristics of Western gardens are embodied in the layout and structure of gardens. Huge buildings are the statistic of gardens. They always stand on the starting point of the central axis which is very prominent in gardens. Based on this building, the whole garden forms the main axis of the whole garden. On the main axis of the garden, there are several auxiliary axles, which are arranged with broad avenues, flower beds, canals, pools, fountains, sculptures, etc. Open straight roads in gardens and form small squares at the crossroads of roads, which are dotted with pools, fountains, sculptures or small buildings. The whole layout reflects strict geometric patterns. Garden flowers and trees, strictly cut into a cone, sphere, cylinder shape, lawn, flower nursery is delineated into diamond, rectangle, and circle. In short, meticulous tailoring of geometric shapes will never allow natural growth of shapes. The water surface is confined to neat stone pools, which are often round, square, rectangular or elliptical, in which figures and fountains are always laid out. Pursue overall symmetry and a glance. Aristotle, the founder of European aesthetic thought, said, “Beauty depends on volume and arrangement.” His aesthetic concept of time and space is fully embodied in Western gardening. In western gardens, buildings, pools, lawns, and gardens all pay attention to the unity and harmony of numbers through the combination of geometry. Pursuing likeness and realism. According to Leonardo Da Vinci, the artistic giant of the Renaissance in Europe called by Engels, the essence and all value of art lie in the true expression of nature, and the beauty of things is “based entirely on the sacred proportion among parts”. Therefore, western garden art pursues similarity in every detail in order to write. Real style reproduces everything.
One of the biggest differences between eastern and Western classical gardens is whether to highlight natural scenery or architecture. Western regular classical gardens, represented by French court gardens, created by architects, sculptors and landscape architects, are based on the aesthetic principle of geometric shape and guided by the principle of “forcing nature to accept the law of equalization”, pursuing a pure and artificially carved beauty of the dress. The gardens are mostly geometrically symmetrical, with clear axes and symmetrical relationships running through the whole gardens. Pools, squares, trees, sculptures, buildings, roads and so on are arranged in turn on the central axis. At the starting point of the axis height, there are often large, rigorous and symmetrical buildings. Buildings control the axis, and the axis controls the garden. Therefore, the building is in charge of the garden, and the garden is subordinate to the building.
The building materials used in gardening are mainly civil in Chinese traditional architecture and stone in Western classical architecture. In terms of layout, Chinese traditional buildings are mostly planar group layout, while western classical buildings emphasize upright and upright, highlighting individual buildings. On the theme of architectural culture, Chinese traditional architecture is centered on the promotion of imperial supremacy and the demonstration of courtesy. Western classical architecture is centered on the promotion of the sublime of God and the expression of worship and love for God. The artistic style of Chinese traditional architecture is based on the beauty of “harmony” between man and nature. The artistic style of Western classical architecture focuses on the beauty of confrontation between man and nature. The spacious and enclosed inner space of religious architecture generates religious passion and fanaticism.