In the 20th century, the art of sculpture has entered a new era. From the works of many sculptors, it shows the abandonment of traditional materials and natural forms, and the deepening of the psychological state of modern people.
The salient features of these anti-traditional sculptures are color, light, and transparency. Among them, the use of color is the biggest feature, and there are four types below.
Western traditional sculptures often use delicate, white marble: Africa often uses wood for carving, whether it is “Goddes Venus”, “David”, “Struggling Slave”, or a large number of African wood carving masks, showing the texture of the material Beauty and color beauty. This natural color beauty that emerges from the texture of the material is the most essential beauty of the material. It is mysterious, ancient and distant, and blends with the nature of the human heart, making people feel a sense of life.
The word “modern sculpture” appeared relatively late, but the modern consciousness as the dominant idea of modern sculpture has had a complete system and a large number of works from Brancusi. Brancusi’s art seeks to express the essential beauty of the materials. His bronze and marble works have reached a rare level of perfection in history. In his work “Fish”, he used marble to cut a simple oval shape, so that the color of the texture can fully play to enrich the overall effect, letting people feel the magic of marine life and the marine world. In addition, his “Bird in the Sky”, “Miss Boganni” and “Miracle” are masterpieces that make full use of natural colors.
Many sculptors have created a lot of excellent works in the use of various metal colors. Romania’s Kemini is a most individual sculptor. He uses various color metal scraps, such as copper, iron, zinc, aluminum, etc., to cut these scraps into different shapes, with small squares and tubes. Shapes or strips, etc., and then welded them together to create some imaginary relief forms.
The color effect is produced through the selection of materials and the variable processing with the strong flame of the welding torch, which is particularly important in the final effect. Many sculptors in Europe and the United States have used the natural colors of materials for their creations. Roszach emerged from the walls with a strange appearance of robots using the natural colors of copper bronze and iron, reminiscent of the magical deformation process. Pevsner has also created a large number of handed-off works using natural color combinations such as burnt brass, bronze, oxidized brass, and glass.
Casella’s “The Beautiful Boy Narcissus” is a sculpture made of black Belgian marble and other colored stones. Jiabo uses blackened aluminum, gold wire, and bronze to create. It can be said that almost every sculptor has pursued natural colors while selecting sculpture materials. The natural colors of materials play a role that cannot be ignored in modern sculpture. It is an important feature of modern sculpture.